Difference between revisions of "Ubuntu"

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(→‎Installing WineHQ packages: remove 19.10; it is EOL)
 
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Download and add the repository key:  
 
Download and add the repository key:  
  wget -nc https://dl.winehq.org/wine-builds/winehq.key
+
  wget -O - https://dl.winehq.org/wine-builds/winehq.key | sudo apt-key add -
sudo apt-key add winehq.key
 
  
 
Add the repository:
 
Add the repository:
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!Use this command:
 
!Use this command:
 
|-
 
|-
|Ubuntu 19.10
+
|Ubuntu 20.04
| sudo apt-add-repository 'deb https://dl.winehq.org/wine-builds/ubuntu/ eoan main'
+
| sudo add-apt-repository 'deb https://dl.winehq.org/wine-builds/ubuntu/ focal main'
 
|-
 
|-
 
|Ubuntu 18.04
 
|Ubuntu 18.04
 
Linux Mint 19.x
 
Linux Mint 19.x
| sudo apt-add-repository 'deb https://dl.winehq.org/wine-builds/ubuntu/ bionic main'
+
| sudo add-apt-repository 'deb https://dl.winehq.org/wine-builds/ubuntu/ bionic main'
 
|-
 
|-
 
|Ubuntu 16.04
 
|Ubuntu 16.04
 
Linux Mint 18.x
 
Linux Mint 18.x
| sudo apt-add-repository 'deb https://dl.winehq.org/wine-builds/ubuntu/ xenial main'
+
| sudo add-apt-repository 'deb https://dl.winehq.org/wine-builds/ubuntu/ xenial main'
 
|}
 
|}
  
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* WineHQ does not at present package wine-gecko or wine-mono. When creating a new wine prefix, you will be asked if you want to download those components. For best compatibility, it is recommended to click Yes here. If the download doesn't work for you, please follow the instructions on the [http://wiki.winehq.org/Gecko Gecko] and [http://wiki.winehq.org/Mono Mono] wiki pages to install them manually.
 
* WineHQ does not at present package wine-gecko or wine-mono. When creating a new wine prefix, you will be asked if you want to download those components. For best compatibility, it is recommended to click Yes here. If the download doesn't work for you, please follow the instructions on the [http://wiki.winehq.org/Gecko Gecko] and [http://wiki.winehq.org/Mono Mono] wiki pages to install them manually.
 +
 +
* Beginning with Wine 5.7, the WineHQ Ubuntu packages have an optional debconf setting to enable CAP_NET_RAW to allow applications that need to send and receive raw IP packets to do so. This is disabled by default because it carries a potential security risk, and the vast majority of applications do not need that capability. Users of applications that do need it can enable CAP_NET_RAW after installing Wine by running
 +
dpkg-reconfigure wine-<branch>-amd64 wine-<branch> wine-<branch>-i386
 +
and answering yes to the three questions. (Substitute devel, staging, or stable for <branch> in the above command.)
 +
 
   
 
   
 
----
 
----
 
{{outdated}}
 
  
 
== Installing without Internet ==
 
== Installing without Internet ==
 
To install Wine on an Ubuntu machine without internet access, you must have access to a second Ubuntu machine (or VM) with an internet connection to download the Wine .deb package and its dependencies.
 
To install Wine on an Ubuntu machine without internet access, you must have access to a second Ubuntu machine (or VM) with an internet connection to download the Wine .deb package and its dependencies.
  
The procedure goes like this:
+
On the machine with internet, add the WineHQ repository and run apt update as described above.
On the machine with internet, add the WineHQ PPA, then cache just the necessary packages without actually extracting them:
 
 
 
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:wine/wine-builds
 
sudo apt-get update
 
  
Then cache just the packages necessary for installing wine, without extracting them:
+
Next, cache just the packages necessary for installing wine, without extracting them:
  
 
  sudo apt-get clean
 
  sudo apt-get clean

Latest revision as of 18:03, 8 July 2020

Translations of this page: Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg 简体中文

Installing WineHQ packages

Dialog-warning.svgThe WineHQ repository key was changed on 2018-12-19. If you downloaded and added the key before that time, you will need to download and add the new key and run sudo apt update to accept the repository changes.

Dialog-warning.svgUbuntu 18.04/Linux Mint 19.x do not provide FAudio, which is a dependency of current Wine. Follow the instructions in https://forum.winehq.org/viewtopic.php?f=8&t=32192 to install FAudio from the OBS. (FAudio packages for Ubuntu 19.10 and later are in the distro's universe repository.)

If you have previously installed a Wine package from another repository, please remove it and any packages that depend on it (e.g., wine-mono, wine-gecko, winetricks) before attempting to install the WineHQ packages, as they may cause dependency conflicts.

If your system is 64 bit, enable 32 bit architecture (if you haven't already):

sudo dpkg --add-architecture i386 

Download and add the repository key:

wget -O - https://dl.winehq.org/wine-builds/winehq.key | sudo apt-key add -

Add the repository:

For this version: Use this command:
Ubuntu 20.04 sudo add-apt-repository 'deb https://dl.winehq.org/wine-builds/ubuntu/ focal main'
Ubuntu 18.04

Linux Mint 19.x

sudo add-apt-repository 'deb https://dl.winehq.org/wine-builds/ubuntu/ bionic main'
Ubuntu 16.04

Linux Mint 18.x

sudo add-apt-repository 'deb https://dl.winehq.org/wine-builds/ubuntu/ xenial main'

Update packages:

sudo apt update

Then install one of the following packages:

Stable branch
sudo apt install --install-recommends winehq-stable
Development branch
sudo apt install --install-recommends winehq-devel
Staging branch
sudo apt install --install-recommends winehq-staging

If apt complains about missing dependencies, install them, then repeat the last two steps (update and install). See the FAQ entry on dependency errors for tips on troubleshooting dependency issues.


If you have previously used the distro packages, you will notice some differences in the WineHQ ones:

  • Files are installed to /opt/wine-devel, opt/wine-stable, or /opt/wine-staging (depending on which version you installed).
  • Menu items are not created for Wine's builtin programs (winecfg, etc.), and if you are upgrading from a distro package that had added them, they will be removed. You can recreate them yourself using your menu editor.
  • Binfmt_misc registration is not added. Consult your distro's documentation for update-binfmts if you wish to do this manually.
  • WineHQ does not at present package wine-gecko or wine-mono. When creating a new wine prefix, you will be asked if you want to download those components. For best compatibility, it is recommended to click Yes here. If the download doesn't work for you, please follow the instructions on the Gecko and Mono wiki pages to install them manually.
  • Beginning with Wine 5.7, the WineHQ Ubuntu packages have an optional debconf setting to enable CAP_NET_RAW to allow applications that need to send and receive raw IP packets to do so. This is disabled by default because it carries a potential security risk, and the vast majority of applications do not need that capability. Users of applications that do need it can enable CAP_NET_RAW after installing Wine by running
dpkg-reconfigure wine-<branch>-amd64 wine-<branch> wine-<branch>-i386

and answering yes to the three questions. (Substitute devel, staging, or stable for <branch> in the above command.)



Installing without Internet

To install Wine on an Ubuntu machine without internet access, you must have access to a second Ubuntu machine (or VM) with an internet connection to download the Wine .deb package and its dependencies.

On the machine with internet, add the WineHQ repository and run apt update as described above.

Next, cache just the packages necessary for installing wine, without extracting them:

sudo apt-get clean
sudo apt-get --download-only install winehq-devel
sudo apt-get --download-only dist-upgrade

Copy all of the .deb files in /var/cache/apt/archives to a USB stick:

cp -R /var/cache/apt/archives/ /media/usb-drive/deb-pkgs/

Finally, on the machine without internet, install all of the packages from the flash drive:

cd /media/usb-drive/deb-pkgs
sudo dpkg -i *.deb

The same instructions can also be used for an offline installation of the `winehq-staging` packages.

Compiling WoW64

Ubuntu's implementation of Multiarch is still incomplete, so for now you can't simply install 32-bit and 64-bit libraries alongside each other. If you're on a 64-bit system, you'll have to create an isolated environment for installing and building with 32-bit dependencies. See Building Biarch Wine On Ubuntu for detailed instructions for Ubuntu using LXC, and Building Wine for general information.

See Also