Difference between revisions of "Ubuntu"
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Revision as of 14:36, 26 October 2021
Installing WineHQ packages
The WineHQ repository key was changed on 2018-12-19. If you downloaded and added the key before that time, you will need to download and add the new key and run sudo apt update to accept the repository changes.
Ubuntu 18.04/Linux Mint 19.x do not provide FAudio, which is a dependency of current Wine. Follow the instructions in https://forum.winehq.org/viewtopic.php?f=8&t=32192 to install FAudio from the OBS. (FAudio packages for Ubuntu 19.10 and later are in the distro's universe repository.)
If you have previously installed a Wine package from another repository, please remove it and any packages that depend on it (e.g., wine-mono, wine-gecko, winetricks) before attempting to install the WineHQ packages, as they may cause dependency conflicts.
If your system is 64 bit, enable 32 bit architecture (if you haven't already):
sudo dpkg --add-architecture i386
Download and add the repository key:
wget -nc https://dl.winehq.org/wine-builds/winehq.key sudo apt-key add winehq.key
Add the repository:
|For this version:||Use this command:|
|Ubuntu 21.10||sudo add-apt-repository 'deb https://dl.winehq.org/wine-builds/ubuntu/ impish main'|
|Ubuntu 21.04||sudo add-apt-repository 'deb https://dl.winehq.org/wine-builds/ubuntu/ hirsute main'|
|Ubuntu 20.10||sudo add-apt-repository 'deb https://dl.winehq.org/wine-builds/ubuntu/ groovy main'|
Linux Mint 20.x
|sudo add-apt-repository 'deb https://dl.winehq.org/wine-builds/ubuntu/ focal main'|
Linux Mint 19.x
|sudo add-apt-repository 'deb https://dl.winehq.org/wine-builds/ubuntu/ bionic main'|
sudo apt update
Then install one of the following packages:
sudo apt install --install-recommends winehq-stable
sudo apt install --install-recommends winehq-devel
sudo apt install --install-recommends winehq-staging
If apt complains about missing dependencies, install them, then repeat the last two steps (update and install). See the FAQ entry on dependency errors for tips on troubleshooting dependency issues.
If you have previously used the distro packages, you will notice some differences in the WineHQ ones:
- Files are installed to /opt/wine-devel, opt/wine-stable, or /opt/wine-staging (depending on which version you installed).
- Menu items are not created for Wine's builtin programs (winecfg, etc.), and if you are upgrading from a distro package that had added them, they will be removed. You can recreate them yourself using your menu editor.
- Binfmt_misc registration is not added. Consult your distro's documentation for update-binfmts if you wish to do this manually.
- WineHQ does not at present package wine-gecko or wine-mono. When creating a new wine prefix, you will be asked if you want to download those components. For best compatibility, it is recommended to click Yes here. If the download doesn't work for you, please follow the instructions on the Gecko and Mono wiki pages to install them manually.
- Beginning with Wine 5.7, the WineHQ Ubuntu packages have an optional debconf setting to enable CAP_NET_RAW to allow applications that need to send and receive raw IP packets to do so. This is disabled by default because it carries a potential security risk, and the vast majority of applications do not need that capability. Users of applications that do need it can enable CAP_NET_RAW after installing Wine by running
dpkg-reconfigure wine-<branch>-amd64 wine-<branch> wine-<branch>-i386
and answering yes to the three questions. (Substitute devel, staging, or stable for <branch> in the above command.)
Installing without Internet
To install Wine on an Ubuntu machine without internet access, you must have access to a second Ubuntu machine (or VM) with an internet connection to download the Wine .deb package and its dependencies.
On the machine with internet, add the WineHQ repository and run apt update as described above.
Next, cache just the packages necessary for installing wine, without extracting them:
sudo apt-get clean sudo apt-get --download-only install winehq-devel sudo apt-get --download-only dist-upgrade
Copy all of the .deb files in /var/cache/apt/archives to a USB stick:
cp -R /var/cache/apt/archives/ /media/usb-drive/deb-pkgs/
Finally, on the machine without internet, install all of the packages from the flash drive:
cd /media/usb-drive/deb-pkgs sudo dpkg -i *.deb
The same instructions can also be used for an offline installation of the `winehq-staging` packages.
Ubuntu's implementation of Multiarch is still incomplete, so for now you can't simply install 32-bit and 64-bit libraries alongside each other. If you're on a 64-bit system, you'll have to create an isolated environment for installing and building with 32-bit dependencies. See Building Biarch Wine On Ubuntu for detailed instructions for Ubuntu using LXC, and Building Wine for general information.
- Official WineHQ packages.
- WineHQ Debian/Ubuntu package build scripts and logs
- Building Biarch Wine On Ubuntu
- Building Wine
- Multiarch in Wine build dependencies