Difference between revisions of "Debian"

From WineHQ Wiki
Jump to: navigation, search
(Installing WineHQ packages)
Line 2: Line 2:
 
'''Translations of this page:'''  {{flag|China}} [[Debian_zhcn|简体中文]]
 
'''Translations of this page:'''  {{flag|China}} [[Debian_zhcn|简体中文]]
 
== Installing WineHQ packages ==
 
== Installing WineHQ packages ==
 +
{{warning}} '''The WineHQ repository key was changed on 2018-12-19. If you downloaded and added the key before that time, you will need to download and add the new key.'''
 +
 
{{info}} '''''Raspbian users:''' the WineHQ packages are for x86 architecture only; they cannot be installed on an ARM system.''
 
{{info}} '''''Raspbian users:''' the WineHQ packages are for x86 architecture only; they cannot be installed on an ARM system.''
  
Line 30: Line 32:
 
Update packages:
 
Update packages:
  
  sudo apt-get update
+
  sudo apt update
  
 
Then install '''one of the following packages''':
 
Then install '''one of the following packages''':
Line 37: Line 39:
 
! Stable branch
 
! Stable branch
 
|
 
|
  sudo apt-get install --install-recommends winehq-stable
+
  sudo apt install --install-recommends winehq-stable
 
|-
 
|-
 
! Development branch
 
! Development branch
 
|
 
|
  sudo apt-get install --install-recommends winehq-devel
+
  sudo apt install --install-recommends winehq-devel
 
|-
 
|-
 
! Staging branch
 
! Staging branch
 
|
 
|
  sudo apt-get install --install-recommends winehq-staging
+
  sudo apt install --install-recommends winehq-staging
 
|}
 
|}
  
If apt-get complains about missing dependencies, install them, then repeat the last two steps (update and install).
+
If apt complains about missing dependencies, install them, then repeat the last two steps (update and install).
  
 
----
 
----
Line 63: Line 65:
  
 
== Building a Source Package ==
 
== Building a Source Package ==
The wine-builds repository does not at present include Debian source packages (see [https://bugs.winehq.org/show_bug.cgi?id=39782 bug 39782]); however, you can create one yourself.  
+
Beginning with 4.0-rc2, the WineHQ repository includes the .dsc, .diff.gz, and .orig.tar.gz files generated by the OBS. These source packages can be found in the /main/source subdirectory of your version's repository (e.g., jessie, stretch, or buster).
{{outdated}}
+
Download or clone the [https://github.com/wine-compholio/wine-packaging packaging git repo] and execute the following line:
+
 
+
./generate.py --skip-name --out wine-VERSION_source_dir DISTRO
+
 
+
DISTRO can be one of the following values:
+
 
+
debian-wheezy-development
+
debian-wheezy-staging
+
debian-jessie-development
+
debian-jessie-staging
+
debian-stretch-development
+
debian-stretch-staging
+
debian-sid-development
+
debian-sid-staging
+
 
+
Use `debuild` inside of the wine directory to build the package.
+
  
 
== Building WoW64 ==
 
== Building WoW64 ==

Revision as of 19:26, 19 December 2018

Translations of this page: Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg 简体中文

Installing WineHQ packages

Dialog-warning.svg The WineHQ repository key was changed on 2018-12-19. If you downloaded and added the key before that time, you will need to download and add the new key.

Tango-style info icon.svg Raspbian users: the WineHQ packages are for x86 architecture only; they cannot be installed on an ARM system.

Enable 32 bit packages (if you haven't already):

sudo dpkg --add-architecture i386

Download and install the repository key:

wget -nc https://dl.winehq.org/wine-builds/winehq.key
sudo apt-key add winehq.key

Add the repository to /etc/apt/sources.list or create a *.list under /etc/apt/sources.list.d/ with the following content:

For this version: Add this content to /etc/apt/sources.list:
Debian 8 (Jessie) deb https://dl.winehq.org/wine-builds/debian/ jessie main
Debian 9 (Stretch) deb https://dl.winehq.org/wine-builds/debian/ stretch main
Debian 10 (currently Testing) (Buster) deb https://dl.winehq.org/wine-builds/debian/ buster main

Update packages:

sudo apt update

Then install one of the following packages:

Stable branch
sudo apt install --install-recommends winehq-stable
Development branch
sudo apt install --install-recommends winehq-devel
Staging branch
sudo apt install --install-recommends winehq-staging

If apt complains about missing dependencies, install them, then repeat the last two steps (update and install).


Some notes on the WineHQ packages:

  • Files are installed to /opt/wine-devel or /opt/wine-staging.
  • Menu items are not created for Wine's builtin programs (winecfg, etc.), and if you are upgrading from a distro package that had added them, they will be removed. You can recreate them yourself using your menu editor.
  • WineHQ does not at present package wine-gecko or wine-mono. When creating a new wine prefix, you will be asked if you want to download those components. For best compatibility, it is recommended to click Yes here. If the download doesn't work for you, please follow the instructions on the Gecko and Mono wiki pages to install them manually.

Building a Source Package

Beginning with 4.0-rc2, the WineHQ repository includes the .dsc, .diff.gz, and .orig.tar.gz files generated by the OBS. These source packages can be found in the /main/source subdirectory of your version's repository (e.g., jessie, stretch, or buster).

Building WoW64

Debian's implementation of Multiarch is still incomplete, so for now you can't simply install 32-bit and 64-bit libraries alongside each other. If you're on a 64-bit system, you'll have to create an isolated environment for installing and building with 32-bit dependencies. See Building Wine for instructions on how to build in a chroot or container.

See Also