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1 Installing distro packages

New versions of openSUSE ship with the Wine development release that was current at the time packages were frozen for release.

Up-to-date Wine packages are available through the Wine repository on the OBS. The package maintainer is Marcus Meissner. The repository includes packages for the biweekly releases of both Wine and Wine-staging, daily "snapshot" packages of git, and packages for wine-gecko and wine-mono. Simply add the repository to Yast2 or zypper and install as you would any other package.

Some notes about the openSUSE Wine packages:

  • The packages include winetricks, installed to /usr/bin/.
  • The packages include .desktop files for Wine's builtin programs (winecfg, notepad, etc.), which are not part of vanilla Wine. Report any problems with them to the package maintainer.
  • The distro does not package the stable branch; however, packages for the stable releases may be available from personal projects on the OBS. Note that these packages are not supported by either WineHQ or the distro package maintainer.
  • Restricted codecs needed by winegstreamer are available in the Packman repository.

2 Building Wine

2.1 On the OBS

If you merely wish to recreate the distro package with minor modifications (e.g., adding custom patches), the easiest way to do that is by branching the Emulators:Wine package on the OBS, applying whatever changes you wish to make to the spec file, and building from that. See the openSUSE Build Service Tutorial for information on how to use the OBS.

2.2 From Git

Building from git is necessary to run regression tests or test patches.

2.2.1 Cloning the Wine Git Repository

Follow the instructions in the Git Wine Tutorial for cloning the Wine git repository.

2.2.2 Build Tools and Dependencies

Dialog-warning.svg The information in this section is based on openSUSE Leap 15 and Wine 3.13. Exact package names may vary depending on your version of openSUSE, and new dependencies may be added in future Wine versions. Always check the output of ./configure to verify that you have all needed dependencies installed.

The following repositories should be enabled to obtain basic build tools and Wine's build dependencies:

  • OSS (the main repository; this one is required, and should already be set up on your system)
  • Update (recommended in order to have the most up-to-date versions; for most people, this should also already be set up)
  • Wine (recommended, as installing a distro package will pull in Wine's runtime dependencies)


Basic Build Tools

The meta-package patterns-openSUSE-devel_basis will install the basic tools needed for building (gcc, make, flex, bison). You should also install ccache, and git. On a 64 bit system, you will also need to install gcc-32bit and bison-32bit.

Dependencies

Installing the distro wine or wine-staging package is the easiest way to install the libraries Wine depends on, as zypper or Yast2 will automatically pull them in.

In addition to the runtime dependencies, the following development packages are needed:

alsa-devel capi4linux-devel dbus-1-devel fontconfig-devel freeglut-devel freetype2-devel giflib-devel glib2-devel glibc-devel glu-devel gstreamer-devel gstreamer-plugins-base-devel krb5-devel libcom_err-devel libexif-devel libgnutls-devel libgphoto2-devel libgsm-devel libjpeg8-devel liblcms2-devel libmpg123-devel libOSMesa-devel libpcap-devel libpng16-compat-devel libpulse-devel libSDL2-devel libtiff-devel libudev-devel libv4l-devel libX11-devel libXcomposite-devel libXcursor-devel libXext-devel libXfixes-devel libXi-devel libXinerama-devel libXxf86vm-devel libxml2-devel libXrandr-devel libXrender-devel libxslt-devel Mesa-libGL-devel mpg123-devel ncurses-devel openal-soft-devel opencl-headers openldap2-devel libopenssl-devel sane-backends-devel unixODBC-devel xorg-x11-devel vulkan-devel xz-devel zlib-devel

(Some of these packages may be installed by the patterns-openSUSE-devel_basis package.)

On a 64 bit system, you will also need to install the following -32bit packages:

alsa-devel-32bit capi4linux-devel-32bit dbus-1-devel-32bit fontconfig-devel-32bit freeglut-devel-32bit freetype2-devel-32bit giflib-devel-32bit glib2-devel-32bit glibc-devel-32bit glu-devel-32bit krb5-devel-32bit libcom_err-devel-32bit libgnutls-devel-32bit libgphoto2-devel-32bit libgsm-devel-32bit libjpeg8-devel-32bit liblcms2-devel-32bit libOSMesa-devel-32bit libpcap-devel-32bit libpng16-compat-devel-32bit libpulse-devel-32bit libSDL2-devel-32bit libtiff-devel-32bit libv4l-devel-32bit libX11-devel-32bit libXcomposite-devel-32bit libXcursor-devel-32bit libXext-devel-32bit libXfixes-devel-32bit libXi-devel-32bit libXinerama-devel-32bit libXxf86vm-devel-32bit libxml2-devel-32bit libXrandr-devel-32bit libXrender-devel-32bit libxslt-devel-32bit Mesa-libGL-devel-32bit mpg123-devel-32bit ncurses-devel-32bit openal-soft-devel-32bit openldap2-devel-32bit libopenssl-devel-32bit unixODBC-devel-32bit xz-devel-32bit zlib-devel-32bit

(Installing the wine-32bit-build-deps package will install most of the -32bit packages listed above.)

Dialog-warning.svg The glib2-devel-32bit packages for openSUSE versions 13.1, 13.2, and Leap 42.1 were missing the 32 bit header and pkgconfig files needed to compile 32 bit Wine with gstreamer support on a 64 bit system. The workaround was to extract the missing files from the i586 glib2-devel package and manually place the needed files in /usr/include and /usr/lib/pkgconfig. This problem has been fixed in Leap 42.2 and later. (See bug 973217)

After installing the above, in Leap 15 you will need to make the following symlinks in /usr/lib or ./configure will complain about not being able to find the libraries:

ln -s libgstreamer-1.0.so.0 libgstreamer-1.0.so
ln -s libgstbase-1.0.so.0 libgstbase-1.0.so
ln -s libGL.so.1 libGL.so

The targets of the above symlinks may need to be adjusted for other versions of openSUSE, depending on what version of the library you have installed.

If ./configure complains about any other missing 32 bit development files that you are sure are installed, check /usr/lib for missing .so symlinks to the relevant library and create them.

Dialog-warning.svg At present no vkd3d packages have been built for Leap 15, and ./configure will complain about the missing vkd3d headers. Installing the packages built for Tumbleweed may be an option, but this has not been tested. The alternative would be to build vkd3d yourself locally. Note that vkd3d is only needed for DirectX 12 support; if you do not have any applications or games that need that, it is not necessary to build Wine with vkd3d support.

Tango-style info icon.svg Packages needed to build with HAL and OSSv4 support are not available from any of the openSUSE repositories, and ./configure will complain about it. Neither is needed on current versions of openSUSE; if those are the only things ./configure complains about, you are good to go.

2.2.3 Building 32 bit Wine

On a 32 bit system

After cloning the git repository, cd to the wine-git directory and run

CC="ccache gcc"  ./configure  --disable-tests

Check the output of ./configure to make sure there are no missing dependencies for features that you need. If there are, install them. Assuming all is well, just run

make

On a 64 bit system

After cloning the git repository, cd to the wine-git directory and run

CC="ccache gcc -m32" PKG_CONFIG_PATH=/usr/lib/pkgconfig ./configure  --disable-tests

Check the output of ./configure to make sure there are no missing dependencies for features that you need. If there are, install them. Assuming all is well, just run

make

2.2.4 Building Shared WoW64

Tango-style info icon.svg If all your apps/games are 32 bit, there is no need to build 64 bit Wine at all unless you are interested in helping with testing. Simply follow the instructions in the preceding section to build 32 bit Wine on a 64 bit system.

Pure 64 bit Wine is not a supported configuration (and is generally useless, as most Windows apps are still 32 bit). For 64 bit support, you must build both 64 bit and 32 bit Wine in a shared WoW64 setup. This does not require a container or chroot on openSUSE, but the builds must be done out of tree, and in the order specified below.

1. Build the 64 bit side

Create a directory for the 64 bit build and run configure from within that directory:

cd $HOME 
mkdir wine64
cd wine64
CC="ccache gcc" ../wine-git/configure  --enable-win64 --disable-tests

Double check the output of configure for any missing 64 bit dependencies and install any that are needed. If all is well, run

make

from within the wine64 directory.

2. Build the 32 bit side

Create a directory for the 32 bit build and run configure from within that directory:

cd ..
mkdir wine32
cd wine32
CC="ccache gcc -m32" PKG_CONFIG_PATH=/usr/lib/pkgconfig ../wine-git/configure  --with-wine64=../wine64 --disable-tests

Double check the output of configure for any missing 32 bit dependencies and install any that are needed. If all is well, run

make

from within the wine32 directory.

2.3 From a Source Tarball

Building from a source tarball offers less flexibility than git while requiring the same amount of work

If you prefer to build from a source tarball rather than git, follow the instructions above for building from git, but instead of cloning the git repository, download the tarball for the version you want from http://dl.winehq.org/wine/source/ and extract it. Substitute the source directory for the wine-git directory when following the instructions.

Dialog-warning.svg In versions of Wine prior to 2.3, the tools directory contained a script called wineinstall. Do not use this script, even for building old versions of Wine. It was not updated for years and cannot build 64 bit Wine.

3 See Also

Building Wine