Debian

From WineHQ Wiki
Jump to: navigation, search

Installing WineHQ packages

First, enable 32 bit packages:

sudo dpkg --add-architecture i386

Then install key which was used to sign packages:

wget https://dl.winehq.org/wine-builds/Release.key
sudo apt-key add Release.key

Next add the repository to /etc/apt/sources.list or create a *.list under /etc/apt/sources.list.d/ with the following content:

deb https://dl.winehq.org/wine-builds/debian/ DISTRO main

with DISTRO being either wheezy, jessie, stretch or sid

To avoid problems with missing dependencies, Wheezy users should also add the following to /etc/apt/sources.list (if it is not already there):

deb http://ftp.de.debian.org/debian/ oldstable main

Update packages:

sudo apt-get update

Then install (example for the development branch):

sudo apt-get install winehq-devel

If you prefer to use the Staging branch, replace `winehq-devel` with `winehq-staging` in the line above.

If apt-get complains about missing dependencies, install them, then repeat the last two steps (update and install).


Some notes on the WineHQ packages:

  • Files are installed to /opt/wine-devel.
  • Menu items are not created for Wine's builtin programs (winecfg, etc.), and if you are upgrading from a distro package that had added them, they will be removed. You can recreate them yourself using your menu editor.
  • WineHQ does not at present package wine-gecko or wine-mono. When creating a new wine prefix, you will be asked if you want to download those components. For best compatibility, it is recommended to click Yes here. If the download doesn't work for you, please follow the instructions on the Gecko and Mono wiki pages to install them manually.

Building a Source Package

The wine-builds repository does not at present include Debian source packages (see bug 39782); however, you can create one yourself.

Download or clone the packaging git repo and execute the following line:

./generate.py --skip-name --out wine-VERSION_source_dir DISTRO

DISTRO can be one of the following values:

debian-wheezy-development
debian-wheezy-staging
debian-jessie-development
debian-jessie-staging
debian-stretch-development
debian-stretch-staging
debian-sid-development
debian-sid-staging

Use `debuild` inside of the wine directory to build the package.

Building WoW64

Debian's implementation of multiarch is still incomplete, so for now you can't simply install 32-bit and 64-bit libraries alongside each other. If you're on a 64-bit system, you'll have to create an isolated environment for installing and building with 32-bit dependencies. See Building Wine for instructions on how to build in a chroot or container.

See Also